It is vegetable oil, it is extracted from flax seeds, and it is a wet oil, used in medicinal recipes for alternative folk medicine, and is considered of low nutritional value. It oxidizes quickly and can be used as a dietary supplement, as it is rich in beneficial fats and vitamins.
It contains in its compounds the following elements and acids: (palmacetic acid, waxy acid, arachidic acid, palmitoleic acid, oleic acid, eicosanic acid, linoleic acid, alpha-linolenic acid, other fatty acids).
One of the best ways to use linseed oil, which gives good results, is to soak flax seeds in boiling water for 6 or 7 hours, and then drink the soaked. It is better to use it at the time because it spoils quickly
Flax or linseed with its scientific name (Linum usitatissimum) is a perennial annual plant that belongs to the flax family. It is considered an oil crop, a standing plant that reaches a height of about a meter and has a slender stem and spear leaves, its flowers have a blue color, the parts, and fruits used in the flax plant are brown seeds slightly larger than sesame seeds, and other parts of the flax plant are used in many industries such as the manufacture Cloth, paper, soap, hairspray, and some currency notes. The ancient Egyptians used it in the manufacture of linen cloth, whose use was associated with the mummification of mummies. Flax is grown in Europe and the eastern Mediterranean countries up to India. But its original habitat is in areas with moderate temperatures.
Linseed contains components and elements that contribute to the prevention of some diseases, and flax seeds can be used for therapeutic purposes, especially the oils extracted from them; The oils make up 50% of the flaxseed, and the rest is nutritious fibers and enzymes.
Among the elements found in flax seeds: (carbohydrates, sugar, dietary fiber, total protein, fats, saturated fats, monounsaturated fats, monounsaturated fats, thiamine (vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitamin B2), niacin (Vit. B3), Vitamin B5 or Pantothenic Acid, Vitamin B6, Folic Acid Salt (Vitamin B9), Vitamin C, Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Potassium, Zinc).
How to get linseed oil at home
In order to obtain linseed oil extract at home, we may need advanced and contemporary methods with modern and sophisticated machines. But recipes and natural home methods give acceptable results, and oil of high quality and value, away from industrial methods that may lose oils and some of their elements,
One of the best ways to get linseed oil at home:
First, we need the following ingredients: (4 tablespoons of flax seeds about 50 grams, 2 cups (500 ml) of olive oil.)
How to prepare:
o Using a blender, grind the flax seeds into a powder
o Put the powder in a very clean glass jar
o Add olive oil to the powder and stir well until we get a homogeneous mixture.
o We keep the formed mixture in a dark place for 7 days, stirring it on a daily basis.
o Remove and filter the remaining flaxseed powder from the jar. Only the oil remains
o It is preferable to keep the oil in a dark bottle to prevent oxidation and keep it in a cool place.
O The resulting oil should be consumed within a period of 6-7 weeks because it is quick to spoil and oxidize. And it can be harmful.
Linseed oil properties:
The seeds contain between 35-45% of the oil
The commercial oil is dark brown in color and has an unacceptable smell
The newly refined oil is light yellow in color and has a somewhat mild smell
The oil contains:
A small amount of crystallized wax separates from oil by cooling at low temperature
The oil has a high iodine number and contains linolenic acid, so it has a high rate of heat oxidation and thermal polymerization, and when exposed to air, it absorbs oxygen eagerly and rancid quickly and becomes thick. It dries and turns into a thin layer that does not dissolve in ether. Therefore:
It is used in paint colors, varnishes, textile oils, printing inks, and floor linoleums
Not suitable for use in cooking oils
Physical properties of linseed oil:
|Specific Density (15° – 25°)||0.931 – 0.936|
|Refractive Index 25°||1.477 – 1.482|
|The Iodine Number||155 – 205|
|Saponification Number||188 – 196|
composition of fatty acids in linseed oil:
|Myristic acid C14:0||Traces|
|Palmitic acid C16:0||4 – 7|
|Stearic Acid C18:0||2 – 5|
|Oleic Acid C18:1||12 – 34|
|Linoleic Acid C18:2||17 – 24|
|linolenic acid C18:3||35 – 60|
|Arachidic acid C20:0||0.3 – 1|
|Gadoleic acid C20:1||Traces|
|Total Lipids||92 – 97%|
How to use linseed oil
linseed oil is a versatile oil.
• It can be easily inserted into the ingredients of salads and food sauces.
• It is also easy to add one tablespoon of linseed oil to some smoothies or shakes to make it a useful part of your diet.
• linseed oil should not be used in cooking, as it oxidizes very quickly and can form harmful compounds when exposed to high heat
• linseed oil can be used on the skin to promote healthy skin and increase skin moisture.
• Some people use linseed oil as a hair mask to promote growth and luster.
Linseed oil on wood:
Linseed oil is one of the materials that are widely used in woodwork, as it is used to wrap wood to protect it from environmental factors, After covering the wood with a layer of oil, it is left to dry for saturation able to acquire maximum properties.
There are different types of linseed oil used for wood, including:
Boiled linseed oil
Raw linseed oil
Tung oil vs linseed oil:
Tung oil and linseed oil are among the most commonly used oils in woodworking
Each of these oils has advantages and disadvantages, and there are several differences between the two types, including:
Boiled linseed oil dries quickly, as it needs hours to dry, while Tung oil needs days to dry
Tung oil has excellent water resistance and is better than linseed oil in water resistance
In terms of color change, Tung oil maintains its color for a long time and needs to be re-covered sometimes after a while, unlike linseed oil, which loses its color with the passage of time.
As for the price, it depends on the brand, but on average, Tung oil is about 15% to 25% more expensive than linseed oil.
Benefits of linseed oil
Flax oil has gained benefits, values , and high fame in the uses of alternative medicine, especially for its therapeutic and medical benefits, because it contains many elements, vitamins, and acids that we mentioned at the beginning, which have been proven by scientific studies to have good effects on human health, and the benefits of flax oil: –
1. High content of omega-3 fatty acids
Flaxseed oil is high in the omega-3 fatty acid ALA, which has been linked to many health benefits
2. May help reduce the growth of cancer cells
Some animal studies show that flaxseed oil may reduce the growth of cancer cells, although more research in humans is needed.
3. Beneficial for heart health
Some studies have shown that flaxseed oil can improve heart health by lowering
Blood pressure and arterial elasticity.
4. May help treat constipation and diarrhea
Some animal and human studies have shown that flaxseed oil may help treat both constipation and diarrhea.
5. May improve skin health
Animal and human studies show that taking flaxseed oil can help improve skin smoothness and hydration, while treating some skin conditions such as dermatitis.
6. May reduce inflammation
Some studies have shown that flaxseed oil may have anti-inflammatory properties. and with
So, more research is needed.
Industrial uses of linseed oil, including paints and coatings, putty, enter the wood industry, grafting, linoleum industry, supplements, and foodstuffs.
linseed oil for skin
Linseed oil comes at the forefront of beneficial oils for the skin, it helps to remove toxins from the body, and also works to moisturize and purify the skin, reduce facial scars caused by acne, and hide the appearance of spots on the face and the way to use it on the skin is easy: just put a few drops of oil Pure flaxseed on your hands and rub until the oil is slightly warm, then gently massage your skin in circular motions until the oil is absorbed.
Linseed oil for hair
The benefits of linseed oil do not end when it is used for the skin, as a nutritional supplement, or in any of its other uses. Rather, its application and inclusion in mixtures for the beauty and health of hair is necessary to obtain excellent and wonderful results. Among the benefits of using linseed oil for hair: –
• Linseed oil works to maintain the health of the hair and increase its luster, keeps the hair strong, and also works to cleanse the scalp of germs.
• Increases the density of fine hair and reduces its fall, as it stimulates and strengthens hair follicles
• Eliminates the problem of hair loss and dryness, as alpha-linoleic acid moisturizes the hair
• Omega-3 acids, promote healthy hair growth, as they work to nourish hair follicles, which also acts as a hair moisturizer.
• Using linseed oil for hair helps treat damaged ends
• Applying linseed oil to the hair adds luster and vitality
Dry hair treatment mixture (linseed oil + cream)
We mash a cucumber and add to it a large spoon of sour cream to get a paste, we use a small spoon of linseed oil and stir the mixture well. Spread the mixture on the hair and scalp well, leave it for a quarter or a third of an hour, and finally wash it with water and shampoo.
Haircare mixture (linseed oil + lemon juice)
1 tablespoon of flaxseed oil with 2 tablespoons of fresh lemon juice and 2 egg yolks. We stir and stir well until it becomes a homogeneous mixture. Apply the mixture well to the entire hair and scalp with a light massage. Leave the mixture on the hair for half an hour after wrapping it with a cloth or towel to be warmed. Wash the hair with water and shampoo.
Disadvantages of excessive use and consumption of linseed oil:
1- It affects the normal blood clotting processes, harming the normal blood clotting processes
2- Excessive consumption of it leads to the accumulation of stool and causes a blockage in the intestines, the accumulation of stool and intestinal obstruction
3- Some people may have an allergic reaction to flax oil
4- If it is used frequently for people who have infections, their condition may worsen
5- It affects women’s reproductive health
6- It contains a percentage of fiber, which may cause diarrhea when you eat too much of it
7- Not recommended for use during pregnancy
8- Increase your chances of getting cancer
9- Lowering blood pressure for people with low blood pressure
10- It may affect the medicines used for diabetics and increase their effectiveness
11- People who suffer from irritable bowel syndrome, hemorrhagic diseases, and disease
Iritis, hemorrhagic colitis, blood pressure diseases, prostate cancer, hypothyroidism, on them
Avoid eating and using linseed oil